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Osun-Osogbo festival: River Goddess without her ‘sacred water’ (PHOTOS)

Besides turning from ‘colorless’ to yellowish color, there are presence of heavy metals such as mercury, lead and cyanide from activities of the illegal and unregulated licensed gold miners operating in Osun State which can lead to poisoning if consumed.River Osun which housed the ‘Goddess of fertility’ has been polluted as a result of gold mining activities ongoing in some communities in Ijesaland.

Photo I: River Osun

Investigation also revealed that the inability of gold miners to carefully discharge ‘used waters’ or engage in water treatment after their activities has not helped the situation too.

When the Osun State Government through its health commissioner, Dr Rafiu Isamotu in an interview on Thursday, August 11 cautioned tourists, guests and worshippers of Osun goddess not to drink her ‘sacred water’ due to contamination, WITHIN NIGERIA projected three things to likely occur; temporal suspension of Osun Osogbo festival, reduced participation or massive celebration i.e. worshippers, tourists would ignore warnings of the government and see it as a threat.

WITHIN NIGERIA embarked on a journey to Osogbo, the capital of Osun State where the annual festival is slated to hold. When this reporter got to the palace as at 9:00 a.m., it was full to the brim.

Photo II: Osun worshippers, tourist in front of Osun Shrine as at 8:30am

People mostly women and children were anxiously watching for ‘Arugba – Virgin lady’ to come out with the ‘sacred calabash’ and lead the procession to the ‘sacred grove’ where the ‘Goddess of fertility’ resides.

Photo III: Chief Aworo of Osogbo land taking pictures with some worshippers

Tourists, worshippers and priestesses dressed in adorned cultural clothes were seen in front of the Osun shrine in the palace. Some were busy glorifying the River Goddess through melodious songs while others were taking pictures joyously. They came prepared to take the long walk with ‘Arugba – Virgin lady’ to the sacred grove.

Photo IV: Another priest taking pictures with worshippers

A visit to the Sacred Grove

Photo V: Osun worshippers and admirers in front of Ataoja Palace

WITHIN NIGERIA walked from the palace to the sacred grove to access the level of adherence to government’s warning about the contaminated water. From the ‘palace’ to the ‘sacred grove’, people could be seen holding different bottles especially 5 litre to fetch water from the River.

Photo VI: A worshipper negotiating price of a 5 litre of keg

Some Osun worshippers were seen standing in front of big collection of 5-litre kegs meant to be sold for any interested buyer. There were persons mostly women selling bottles to interested buyers while people eat, dance and gist at every junction leading to the grove.

Photo VII: Osun worshippers buying 5 liters of keg to fetch spiritual water

When this reporter got to the grove, it was indeed sacred. Besides the appreciable natural presence of bushes which makes it densed, there were also reasonable number of beautifully made art designs such as wood and stone craved ones everywhere.

Photo VIII: Entrance of the River Osun Sacred Groove

The sacred grove is no doubt a cultural endowment centre which captured the very essence of traditions and beautifully made it worthy.

Contamination: Osun worshippers, guests ignore warnings

Recall that the Osun State Commissioner for Health, Dr. Rafiu Isamotu cautioned worshippers, guests not to drink from River Osun.

According to Isamotu, River Osun is heavily contaminated with mercury, lead and cyanide from activities of the illegal and unregulated licensed gold miners operating in the state.

Despite the warning which was issued on the eve of the festival, a lot of people mostly women were seen holding bottles already filled with Osun water when this reporter visited the grove.

Some women came to fetch the water with 25 litres of kegs while some people brought small buses known as ‘Korope’ to pack their large bottles already filled with Osun water.

Photo IX: An unbothered worshipper walking home after fetching Osun water

This reporter also gathered that those who could not enter the grove due to certain challenges paid some young boys to fetch the water.

Photo X: Women trekking home after fetching 25 litres kegs of Osun water

At the entrance of Osun Sacred Grove

The entrance of the grove was quite entertaining and interesting. This reporter watched persons regardless of color, age or religion entering the sacred grove with bottles. Some people came with digital phones and camera to capture wonderful moments.

Photo XI: Worshippers of Osun Goddess from Ikorodu, a community in Lagos

People were seen at every corner rejoicing and soliciting for help from the Goddess of fertility. From Ede to Ikorodu to Abeokuta to Benin Republic to Brazil to United States, WITHIN NIGERIA captured how people from diverse backgrounds trooped into the grove to worship the River Goddess and fetch Osun water.

Photo XII: Foreigners in native dresses at the Osun Sacred Grove

Different groups of Osun worshippers also graced the occasion in style.

Photo XIII: A group of Osun worshippers at the Sacred Grove

Each group being led by a woman with several gifts including goats to appease the River Goddess rocked the occasion with melodious songs to appease the River Goddess and sometimes danced to beats rolling out from ever ready drummers.

Photo XIV: Another group of worshippers being led by a priestess taking gifts to the goddess

At the abode of River Osun Goddess

At the abode lies two entrances. One can pass through one entrance barefooted while the other can be accessed with footwear.

Photo XV: The two entrances at the abode of River Osun goddess in the sacred grove

Barely 10 metres after the entrance, some people were seen worshipping other Yoruba gods such as Ogun among others while others sat down with some women probably seeking the knowledge of the unknown.

Photo XVI: One of the shrines inside the Osun sacred grove

As this reporter emptied the stairs, a statue dressed in white erected beside a big tree was a point of focus. At the base of this statue were priestesses dressed in white singing praises of the ‘rare and powerful spirit’ residing in the waters.

Photo XVII: Worshippers trooping into the abode of River Osun Goddess

These women would sing the Goddess praises and whenever they noticed a perceived change in the movement of the water, they would shout in unison.

Photo XVIII: Worshippers struggling to touch the “Olomoyoyo – collection of baby dolls”

Worshippers mostly women looking for babies struggle to touch number of baby dolls which was carried on head by another priestess.

Photo XIV: Worshippers and admirers rendering supplications to River Goddess


Arugba also known as ‘calabash carrier’ is a virgin lady who is responsible for carrying the sacred calabash containing sacrificial materials to River Osun. She must be a virgin and must share same ruling house with the current king. This sacred calabash is believed to have been handed over to Osogbo ancestors by the River Goddess with a direct instruction that it must be carried to the grove every year by a royal virgin lady. This year was not different too.

Photo XX: The Arugba – Royal virgin calabash carrier

As Arugba walked out from the shrine heavily guarded by Osun priests, security agents and whip boys, she firstly walked down the left side of the palace and later walked to the right side, facing the building that housed the king and his traditional chiefs before she finally moved out of the palace. As she led the procession to the sacred grove where River Goddess resides, the people cast their problems on her, pray for wealth and good health.

Photo XXV: ‘The Arugba – A royal virgin lady who is the sacred calabash carrier’

When asked, a priestess told WITHIN NIGERIA that Arugba is the representative of River Osun Goddess and she must be guarded till she arrives the grove because if she falls or hits her foot on stone, it is a bad omen.

In the course of leading the procession, the ‘Arugba’ branched some areas like residence of Olori Awo of Osogbo where she was rewarded with cash gifts and kolanuts.

Photo XXII: The moment Arugba attempts to use the stairs at the residence of Olori Awo of Osogbo land

However, at a particular point, this reporter noticed that a red cloth was used to cover the scene where an elderly man replaced the Arugba, carried the calabash and covered a little distance while the Arugba held him closely before it was later switched. They prevented photographers from capturing this particular moment but some actually did including this reporter.


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